Revue de presse du mercredi 7 juin 2017

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REVUE DE PRESSE réalisée par Jacques Le Masson

 

BOURSORAMA

 

Taux de change des Devises au comptant

Devises
EUR

USD

JPY

GBP

CHF

CAD
 EUR 1.1218 122.7800 0.8695 1.0843 1.5088
 USD 0.8914 109.4470 0.7751 0.9665 1.3449
 JPY 0.0081 0.0091 0.0071 0.0088 0.0123
 GBP 1.1501 1.2904 141.2100 1.2470 1.7351
 CHF 0.9222 1.0346 113.2200 0.8019 1.3915
 CAD 0.6627 0.7435 81.3710 0.5762 0.7186

Ex: 1 EUR = 1.1218 USD

Mat.1ères / Devises / Taux

  Libellé Dernier Var.
Pétrole BRENT (ICE Europe) 49.84 -0.26%
Pétrole WTI (ICE Europe) 47.94 -0.10%
EUR/USD 1.1219 -0.54%
Euribor 1 an -0.133 0.00%
Or 1 291.30 -0.19%

 

UNION EUROPÉENNE

 

ÉDITORIAL

La zone euro nourrit l’espoir d’une « décennie dorée »  Le Monde le 06/06

Après avoir traversé la pire crise de son existence, la zone euro voit tous ses indicateurs de confiance passer au beau fixe. La France pourrait avoir ainsi l’occasion pour combler l’écart de compétitivité avec l’Allemagne… Il n’empêche, progressivement, l’union monétaire se redresse. L’Espagne, au prix d’efforts considérables, a remis sur pied son industrie. Le Portugal repart enfin. La Finlande tourne la page de la récession. Les indicateurs de confiance sont au beau fixe dans toute la zone. Même le chômage, plaie de l’Europe continentale, recule. Il frappait en avril 9,3 % de la population, chiffre toujours…

 

ANALYSE

Comment Trump a redonné à Merkel le goût de l’Europe. Karl de Meyer, Rédacteur en chef Les Échos (article en pièce jointe)

L’attitude de Donald Trump au sommet du G7 a achevé de convaincre Angela Merkel qu’il fallait prendre ses distances avec les États-Unis. Une rupture historique pour son pays et une chance pour la relance de l’intégration européenne, dont elle-même et Emmanuel Macron font leur priorité. Le printemps 2017 offre un alignement des planètes dont même les plus idéalistes des européistes ne rêvaient plus. Angela Merkel, bien partie pour entamer un quatrième mandat à la tête de son pays en septembre, vient d’ouvrir en grand une fenêtre sur la poursuite de l’intégration de l’UE. La première de cette…

 

L’Amérique de Trump : un État voyou. Joseph E. Stiglitz, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 2001… Project Syndicate. (article en pièce jointe)

Donald Trump a lancé une bombe contre l’architecture de l’économie mondiale construite avec énormément de difficultés à l’issue de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Sa volonté de détruire ce système de gouvernance régi par des règles – qui vient de se traduire par le retrait des USA de l’accord de Paris sur le climat – n’est que le dernier épisode de son agression contre notre socle de valeurs et nos institutions fondamentales. Ce n’est que maintenant que le monde commence à comprendre la nocivité du programme de Trump. Lui et ses affidés attaquent la presse américaine (une institution vitale pour la…

 

La démocratie américaine en déroute. Jeffrey D. Sachs, Professor of Sustainable Development and… Project Syndicate. (article en pièce jointe)

Les délires de Donald Trump contre l’accord de Paris sur le climat sont en partie la conséquence de son ignorance et de son narcissisme – mais pas uniquement. Ils traduisent aussi la corruption enracinée dans le systéme politique des USA qui ne sont plus une « démocratie à part entière », selon une récente évaluation. Leur vie politique est devenue le terrain de jeu de puissants intérêts financiers qui ont pour objectif des baisses d’impôt pour les riches et la déréglementation en faveur des grands pollueurs, et abandonnent le reste du monde à la guerre et au réchauffement climatique. Six des pays du G7 ont…

 

What’s in Theresa May’s new anti-terror package?  Alan Travis, The Guardian

Theresa May’s unveiling of a fresh package of measures to keep track of terror suspects clearly raises questions over whether it is designed to deflect potential headlines about MI5 and Home Office failures over the London Bridge bombers. The package does however fill in some details in her “enough is enough” four-point plan to tackle extremism in Britain by hinting at a series of steps to more effectively keep track of and control terror suspects in Britain. Taken together they add up to an attempt to restore some of the more restrictive elements of control orders to the existing regime of terrorist prevention and

 

CHRONIQUE

Donald Trump’s Historic Mistake. Laurence Tubiana, a former French ambassador to the UN Framework Convention on Climate… Project Syndicate. (article en pièce jointe)

US President Donald Trump has announced that the United States will no longer participate in the 2015 Paris climate agreement, the landmark United Nations treaty that many of us worked so hard to achieve. Trump is making a mistake that will have grave repercussions for his own country, and for the world. Trump claims that he will try to renegotiate the deal reached in Paris, or craft a new one. But leaders from around the world have already hailed the agreement as a breakthrough for the fight against climate change, a victory for international cooperation, and a boon to the global economy. That…

 

Terrorism reminds us all why Europe must stick together. Rafael Behr, The Guardian

It is hard to keep a sense of perspective in the final days of a campaign, amid the cacophony of closing arguments. The background scene is blurred in the sprint to the finish line. Tension and uncertainty have been amplified by a savage terrorist attack. It is impossible to know exactly how the monstrosity perpetrated around London Bridge on Saturday will weigh upon the decisions voters make in the polling booth. But it is fair to suppose that the timing was not coincidental. Whoever plotted that attack, and the one in Manchester two weeks earlier, surely intended to disrupt the…

 

ÉCONOMIE

La France condamnée au déficit extérieur ? Par Alexandre Mirlicourtois – Directeur de la conjoncture et de la prévision. Xerfi Économie (vidéo : 3:40 mn)

Le commerce extérieur reste le point faible de l’économie française. Même s’il s’est progressivement réduit depuis 2011, le déficit est permanent depuis 2002. Et le plus inquiétant c’est que les derniers chiffres pointent une nouvelle dégradation.

 

Où va l’Europe ? Par Nicole Gnesotto – Professeur au CNAM. Xerfi Économie (vidéo : 7:20 mn)

Xerfi Canal a reçu Nicole Gnesotto, professeur titulaire de la chaire sur l’Union européenne au CNAM, dans le cadre de son livre « Où va le monde ? ». Une interview menée par Thibault Lieurade.

 

POINT DE VUE

Religious conservatism doesn’t make a terrorist. But crime and exclusion can. Z. Fareen Parvez,  The Guardian

In her comments in the aftermath of last weekend’s attacks in London, Theresa May suggested a new direction in the struggle against terrorism. Insisting that “things need to change”, she pointed to the problems of “segregated, separated communities” and “too much tolerance of Islamist extremism”. It is not clear from her comments exactly what sorts of changes are implied or to be expected, beyond greater control of the internet and increased jail sentences for terrorism-related crimes. But her comments clearly emphasised the need to defeat what she called “the single evil ideology of Islamist…

 

 

European commission will set out plan to tackle air traffic control strikes  The Guardian

The European commission is expected to act to reduce the impact of air traffic control strikes, which have disrupted thousands of flights in recent years, with British holidaymakers often badly affected. Airlines are expecting Brussels to call on member states this week to protect international flights passing over its airspace during strikes. An action plan drawn up by the commission will push for unions to give 21 days’ notice of planned strikes, and for individual workers to give three days’ notice before joining industrial action.

 

Climate change

EU says no extra emission cuts to fill gap left by US after Paris withdrawal  The Guardian

European leaders have been urged to scale up their efforts to tackle climate change as it emerged the EU does not intend to make extra emissions’ cuts to fill the gap left by the withdrawal of the US from the Paris agreement. At a summit with China in Brussels last week, the EU responded to the decision by Donald Trump to pull out of the historic 2015 pact by vowing to take on a leadership role in the fight to halt global warming…                           

EurActiv Climat : Bruxelles compte sur la société civile américaine,     Seul le secteur du charbon soutient la sortie de l’accord de Paris

Le camp pro-climat américain se mobilise face à Trump

 

Climate change China and California sign deal without Trump  The Guardian

China and California have signed an agreement to work together on reducing emissions, as the state’s governor warned that “disaster still looms” without urgent action on climate change. The governor of California, Jerry Brown, spoke to reporters at an international clean energy conference in Beijing about Donald Trump’s decision to pull the US out of the Paris agreement, saying it would ultimately prove to be only a temporary setback.

 

Drugs Almost one in three overdoses in Europe occur in the UK  The Guardian

Almost one in three drugs overdoses in Europe were recorded in the UK as the continent’s rate of drug deaths rose for a third year in a row, according to the European drugs agency. The annual report from the European monitoring centre for drugs and drug addiction (EMCCDA) also said the UK had Europe’s highest proportion of heroin addicts, while separate research found a pattern of problematic use of novel psychoactive substances (NPSs) among poor communities.

 

Économie La finance verte gagne du terrain dans l’UE EurActiv

L’Union des marchés de capitaux, dont un bilan est attendu le 7 juin, contribue à généraliser le verdissement de la finance européenne. La finance durable était encore considérée comme « exotique » il y a peu. Elle est cependant en train de se faire une vraie place dans les politiques européennes, selon Niall Bohan, chef d’unité chargé de l’Union des marchés de capitaux à la Commission européenne. « La difficulté est à présent de transformer la prise de conscience en politiques et en applications concrètes », a-t-il indiqué à l’occasion d’unévénement Euractiv.

 

Espace Kelt-9b, la planète géante et brûlante qui ressemble à un « soufflé cosmique » L’Express

Kelt-9b est un monde unique en son genre. Située à 650 années-lumière de la Terre, dans la constellation du Cygne, cette exoplanète gazeuse est non seulement deux fois plus grande que Jupiter, mais aussi plus chaude que la plupart des étoiles de notre univers, révèle l’équipe de chercheurs internationaux qui l’a découverte. En fait, c’est la planète la plus chaude jamais découverte. La température à sa surface culminerait à 4326 degrés Celsius, soit « seulement » 926°C de moins que notre Soleil, notent les chercheurs dans leur étude publiée dans Nature

 

Pressure builds in Italy after G7 leaders fail to tackle refugee crisis  The Guardian

Within 24 hours of the leaders of the G7 nations leaving Taormina, Sicily, the designer shops and sleek bars of the hilltop town were once again teeming with tourists. Hardly any trace of the summit remained, just some flags on the town hall, a half-dismantled stage in the Roman amphitheatre, a sign for a French press conference in the main square, and a small art exhibition including Caravaggio’s Ecce Homo. The leaders had been invited to Taormina by their Italian hosts not just because of its beauty or views of Mount Etna but because Sicily is 300 miles from the Libyan coast, on the

 

Renewable Energy

Belgium: Flanders sees new PV installations almost double so far this year PV Magazine

The Flemish-speaking region of Flanders saw the number of new PV installations almost double in the first five months of 2017. According to numbers released by the region’s minister of energy Bart Tommelein, which cites statistics from local power distributors Eandis and Infrax, 16,863 new PV installations were registered in the period between January and May 2017, thus almost doubling the number of new registrations of the same period in the past year, which was 8,840…

 

France adds 78 MW of PV capacity in Q1 2017 PV Magazine

France had reached a cumulative installed PV capacity of 7,220 MW at the end of the first quarter of 2017, according to the latest statistics released by the Ministry of Energy, Ecology and Sustainable Development. In the first quarter, 3,883 new PV systems totaling 78 MW were connected. For comparison, in the first quarter of 2016 the country saw the addition of around 183 MW of installed PV power. This latest quarter’s result is also down from 105 MW registered at the end of 2016…

 

Polish module maker Bruk-Bet Solar raises annual capacity to 120 MW PV Magazine

Bruk-Bet Solar, a PV module manufacturer based in Tarnow, southern Poland, announced it has increased its annual production capacity from 30 MW to 120 MW. The company said the new production line installed at the facility will manufacture both standard and glass-glass modules with PERC cells. Bruk-Bet Solar bought the Matrix Assembly System MAS3.8 from the Swiss manufacturer Meyer Burger together with two STR2000 stringers and the NG3622 XLCP laminator. The company said the new equipment will enable the production of modules with 4 and 5 busbars…

PV Magazine Poland to hold auction for solar and renewables on June 29

 

Spain’s Environment Ministry downsizes giant solar project in Extremadura by 170 MW PV Magazine

The Spanish Ministry of Environment has decided to downsize a 394.1 MW PV project planned by Iberia Termosolar, a joint venture between Spanish developer Valsolar and German-based S.A.G. Solarstrom, in Spain’s region of Extremadura by 170.1 MW. The ministry has decided to approve only two of the four plants included in the phase I of project, the 74 MW Calzadilla III project, which is owned by the special purpose company Iberia Termosolar 2, S.L. and is planned to be spread across the municipalities of…

 

 

Turkey says upcoming Cyprus conference ‘final opportunity’ for solution  Hürriyet Daily News

The Turkish Foreign Ministry has said the upcoming conference on Cyprus is the “final opportunity” to reach a lasting and comprehensive solution to the decades-old problem, calling Greek Cyprus to adopt a constructive attitude and sincere will. “If the aim of reconvening the conference on Cyprus is to make use of this final opportunity to reach a comprehensive settlement and successfully conclude the negotiation process that has been continuing on the Island for over two years, then all the participants need to adopt the constructive attitude that Turkey and the Turkish Cypriot side are displaying by

 

Great Britain

Live London attacks: second French citizen confirmed dead  The Guardian

A second French citizen has been confirmed killed in the London Bridge attack and a third is missing taking the number of potential victims to eight. The French foreign minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, said in a statement: “It is with great sadness that I have learned that one of the French citizens, who was previously given as unaccounted for, has been identified among those who have died.” So far four people from three different countries are confirmed to be among the seven victims of the attacks.

The Guardian Ignacio Echeverría Relatives push for news of missing Spaniard,     Keir Starmer Human rights law does not block capture of terrorists

Security May: I’ll scrap human rights laws to stop terror,    Manchester Arena bombing Man arrested at Heathrow airport

Schools cancel trips in the wake of London and Manchester terror attacks     Spain Relatives press UK for news of Spaniard missing since London attack  

Le Figaro Attentat de Londres : un Français toujours porté disparu,   Attentat de Londres : des djihadistes «vus à la télé»    

 Le Monde Attentat de Londres : la police annonce une nouvelle arrestation,     Attentat de Manchester : un homme arrêté à l’aéroport d’Heathrow

Attentat de Londres : Jean-Yves Le Drian confirme la mort d’un Français Vidéo,   Attentat de Londres : le troisième djihadiste avait été signalé aux Britanniques par les autorités italiennes

The New York Times Despite Warnings, London Attackers Slipped Through,    Watch: What We Know About the Three Assailants

Delivering Their Message With Lethal Simplicity

 

Live UK election: Corbyn asks junior shadow minister to stand in for Diane Abbott  The Guardian

The Labour party has announced that Lyn Brown, a shadow Home Office minister, has been asked to stand in for Diane Abbott as shadow home secretary because Abbott is ill. In a statement the party said: Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the Labour party, has asked Lyn Brown to stand in for Diane Abbott as Shadow Home Secretary for the period of her ill health…

The Guardian Diane AbbottShadow minister to step aside ‘for period of ill health’,     Theresa May ‘I’ll rip up human rights laws’

Analysis What’s in May’s new anti-terror package

 

Nicola Sturgeon Scottish first minister says ‘difficult’ May will struggle with Brexit talks  The Guardian

Nicola Sturgeon has said that Theresa May is a “very difficult person to establish rapport with” and someone whose character is such that will she will struggle in Brexit negotiations. The first minister of Scotland, who is also leader of the Scottish National party, said she did not know the prime minister well enough to know “whether I like her or not” but claimed that in professional dealings May compared unfavourably with her predecessor as Conservative leader.

The Guardian Scottish first minister says ‘difficult’ May will struggle with Brexit talks

 

Child abuse inquiry Three Catholic schools ‘should form case study’  The Guardian

Three prominent Benedictine boarding schools – Ampleforth, Downside and Worth – should be examined as a combined case study for the UK child sex abuse investigation into the Catholic church, a preliminary hearing has been told. The work of the archdiocese of Birmingham and its schools should also feature as a complementary case study, according to the lawyer in charge of the Catholic church…

 

Spain Santander rescues Spain’s failing Banco Popular from collapse  The Guardian

Breaking news from Spain: Banco Santander has bought Banco Popular for €1, rescuing its fellow Spanish lender from from the brink of collapse. Santander said it would raise €7bn to cover the capital shortfall and strengthen the balance sheet of Popular, after the European Central Bank deemed it to be “failing or likely to fail”. The ECB (which supervises the eurozone’s largest banks) triggered the move after concluding yesterday that Banco Popular was running out of cash.

 

 

Turkey – EU

Germany approves plan to withdraw troops from Turkey’s İncirlik air base  Hürriyet Daily News

The German cabinet on June 7 approved the withdrawal of troops stationed at the İncirlik air base in the southern Turkish province of Adana. On June 6, Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said the German government can “remove its troops however it wants” and the decision has “nothing to do with Turkey,” adding that German soldiers’ probable leaving of the İncirlik air base in southern Turkey would be of little consequence.                                      

Hürriyet Daily News Germany leaving İncirlik air base won’t affect our contribution to anti-ISIL coalition: Turkish PM

 

EU to allocate 3 billion Euros for refugees by 2017: EU envoy Hürriyet Daily News

Following the meeting between President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and European Union officials in Brussels on May 25, at which the parties agreed to resume bilateral dialogue after months of strain, diplomatic traffic between and Ankara and Brussels is again gaining momentum. As part of these efforts, EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides will pay a visit to Ankara on June 7 in order to launch a new EU project for Syrian refugees in Turkey. The 3 billion-euro fund for the 2016-17 term, which Brussels proposed to help Syrian refugees in…

 

Turkey – Iran Iranian FM to visit Turkey on June 7  Hürriyet Daily News

Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif will visit Turkey in the evening hours of June 7. In a surprise meeting with his Turkish counterpart Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, the two ministers are expected to discuss regional issues, particularly the Qatar crisis with Gulf countries.  Zarif’s visit comes on the same day as twin attacks targeted the Iranian Parliament and the shrine of Ayatollah Khomeini in Tehran.

 

FRANCE

 

Notre-Dame de Paris : un terroriste islamiste attaque un policier «pour la Syrie» Le Figaro

Un étudiant algérien de 40 ans a touché au cou le fonctionnaire avec un marteau, au beau milieu du parvis de la cathédrale. Blessé au thorax, l’agresseur s’est revendiqué comme un «soldat du califat».

The Guardian Paris Police shoot man who attacked officer outside Notre-Dame Cathedral

 

Législatives Ces soutiens de droite aux candidats macronistes qui embarrassent les Républicains Le Figaro

Alain Juppé, Valérie Pécresse, Henri de Castries… Plusieurs personnalités de droite ont choisi de soutenir des candidats concurrents de ceux de LR. Un phénomène que la rue de Vaugirard souhaite dédramatiser. À quelques jours maintenant du premier tour et alors qu’une large victoire d’En marche ! Se dessine, des manifestations de soutien défient les règles partisanes traditionnelles…

Le Figaro Jean-Marie Le Pen : «Le changement de nom du FN, c’est bidon»     L’Express Malgré les mauvais sondages, Mélenchon « espère toujours gagner » les législatives

Le Monde Législatives : un tiers des candidats de LRM sont des novices en politique,     Qui sont les candidats de La République en marche ? L’enquête du « Monde »

Emmanuel Macron prépare déjà l’après-législatives

The Guardian France Parliamentary election polls point to Macron landslide

 

Réforme du travail : le gouvernement dévoile sa feuille de route L’Express

Plafonnement des indemnités prud’homales, fusion des instances représentatives ou articulation entre la négociation d’entreprise et de branche: le gouvernement a remis ce mardi aux partenaires sociaux le programme pour réformer le code du travail. Le projet de loi autorisant le gouvernement à le réformer par ordonnances sera examiné en conseil des ministres le 28 juin, a confirmé un document gouvernemental, présenté par le Premier ministre Edouard Philippe. Ces ordonnances devraient ensuite être publiées « à la fin de l’été »…

L’Express Code du travail: les trois piliers de la réforme d’Emmanuel Macron      Le Figaro Code du travail, assurance-chômage, retraites : le calendrier des réformes

Le Monde Réforme du code du travail, « pas d’agenda caché » assure la ministre du travail

 

Réunions de travail : seules 52 % sont jugées productives Statista

3,4 semaines par an : voici le temps que les salariés français passent en réunion, selon un sondage OpinionWay pour le cabinet Empreinte Digitale. Pour les cadres, ce chiffre s’élève même à 6,2 semaines par an. Pourtant, à peine plus d’une réunion sur deux (52 %) est jugée productive. Les salariés déplorent qu’il n’y ait pas d’ordre du jour ou d’objectif clairement défini et 26 % des répondants ne voient pas la nécessité de leur présence à ces réunions…                                    L’Express Les salariés français victimes de « réunionite aiguë »

Le Figaro Édouard Philippe lance le big bang social du quinquennat

 

Impôts sur le revenu : le prélèvement à la source repoussé au 1er janvier 2019 Le Figaro

Le prélèvement à la source de l’impôt sur le revenu, dont l’application prévue au 1er janvier 2018 avait été reportée par Emmanuel Macron, entrera en vigueur le 1er janvier 2019, annonce Edouard Philippe dans une interview au Parisien/Aujourd’hui en France daté de mercredi. «C’est une bonne réforme car elle permet d’ajuster en temps réel la perception de l’impôt à l’évolution de vos revenus. Mais nous allons décaler sa mise en œuvre au 1er janvier 2019», déclare le premier ministre au quotidien…

Capital Prélèvement à la source : il sera bien appliqué, mais avec un an de retard     L’Express Impôts : le prélèvement à la source reporté à janvier 2019, annonce Philippe

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Climate change China and California sign deal without Trump  The Guardian

China and California have signed an agreement to work together on reducing emissions, as the state’s governor warned that “disaster still looms” without urgent action on climate change. The governor of California, Jerry Brown, spoke to reporters at an international clean energy conference in Beijing about Donald Trump’s decision to pull the US out of the Paris agreement, saying it would ultimately prove to be only a temporary setback.          

 The New York Times California’s Governor Talks Climate Change in China

 

Espace Pour la première fois, SpaceX approvisionne ISS avec une capsule recyclée Dragon L’Express

Mission accomplie. La capsule spatiale « recyclée » de la société américaine SpaceX est arrivée lundi 5 juin à la Station spatiale internationale (ISS), après avoir été envoyée samedi 3 par une fusée Falcon 9, tirée depuis la Floride. Cette capsule Dragon avait déjà ravitaillé la station une première fois en 2014. Depuis la fin du programme des navettes spatiales américaines en 2011, c’est la toute première fois qu’un même vaisseau spatial revient à deux reprises à l’ISS. C’est donc une grande première pour la société SpaceX du milliardaire Elon Musk, qui utilisait jusqu’à…

 

AMÉRIQUES

 

Brazil presidency may hang in balance as Michel Temer faces electoral court  The Guardian

The scandal-plagued presidency of Michel Temer will come under scrutiny by Brazil’s top electoral court in the first of several encounters with the judiciary that could result in his removal from office. Less than a year after he plotted the ousting of his former running mate, Dilma Rousseff, the centre-right leader faces charges that he abused his power by using illegal campaign donations to win the vice-presidency in the 2014 election. The opening of hearings by the supreme electoral tribunal on Tuesday comes amid the intensifying Car Wash graft purge that has…

 

Canada Investigation promised into why rape victim was held in jail with attacker  The Guardian

Canadian authorities have launched an investigation after it emerged that a sex assault complainant in Alberta was shackled and detained in the same jail as her attacker – and even transported to court with him in the same prison van – in order to ensure she would testify. “The facts of this case are disturbing and tragic, and when you add in the treatment of the victim in the system, they are almost

 

Colombie L’éboueur qui, à Bogota, sauvait les livres des poubelles Le Figaro

Depuis plus de 20 ans, un conducteur de camion-poubelle dans la capitale de Colombie donne une seconde vie aux ouvrages récupérés dans les ordures. Une initiative salutaire qui lui a valu le surnom de «seigneur des livres». Les livres ne sont pas des biens de consommation comme les autres. Ils n’ont pas de date de péremption. . Voilà le message que veut faire passer José Alberto Gutierrez pour qui, la vue d’une multitude d’ouvrages abandonnée dans les poubelles de Bogota était insupportable.

 

United States

James Clapper says: Watergate ‘pales’ in comparison with Trump and Russia

The former US director of national intelligence James Clapper says events in Washington now are more serious than the Watergate scandal of the 1970s, and that it is imperative investigators get to the bottom of the Trump administration’s links with the Putin regime. Clapper used a speech to Australia’s National Press Club on Wednesday to launch a critique of the US president, Donald Trump, describing his decision to cultivate Russia and share intelligence with the Putin regime as “very problematic”. He described Trump’s firing of the FBI chief Jim Comey as “egregious and inexcusable”…

 

Sessions Is Said to Have Offered His Resignation The New York Times

Attorney General Jeff Sessions offered to resign in recent weeks as he told President Trump he needed the freedom to do his job, according to two people who were briefed on the discussion. The president turned down the offer, but on Tuesday, the White House declined to say whether Mr. Trump still had confidence in his attorney general. “I have not had that discussion with him,” Sean Spicer, the White House press secretary, told reporters, responding to questions about whether the president had soured on Mr. Sessions.

 

États-Unis – Arabie Saoudite Les ventes d’armes à l’Arabie Saoudite annoncées par Trump, du vent? L’Express

Après avoir interrogé plusieurs spécialistes de l’industrie de la défense au Congrès, Riedel en a conclu que cette annonce était en grande partie du vent. « Il n’y a pas eu de transaction de 110 milliards de dollars. Il y a surtout beaucoup de lettres d’intérêt ou d’intention, mais pas de contrats. » A ce stade, précise le spécialiste, rien n’a été notifié au Sénat pour validation. Et la plupart des contrats réellement identifiés datent de l’administration Obama. Riedel cite par exemple la vente prévue de quatre frégates à la marine saoudienne: la proposition remonte à 2015 et n’a pas abouti.

 

Venezuela Opposition accuses security forces of robbing protesters  The Guardian

Venezuelan opposition leaders have accused security forces of assaulting and robbing demonstrators who take part in protests against President Nicolás Maduro. Two videos distributed over social networks appear to show police and troops taking protesters’ possessions during rallies on Monday, spurring outrage among many Venezuelans who already complain there has been excessive use of force in response to the two months of protests.

 

AFRIQUE

 

Les pays du Sahel ambitionnent une force de 10.000 hommes contre le terrorisme Le Figaro

L’idée, déjà relativement ancienne, de créer une force conjointe des pays du Sahel pour lutter contre le terrorisme, fait lentement son chemin. La cheffe de la diplomatie de l’Union européenne, Federica Mogherini, qui assistait en début de semaine à Bamako à la réunion des ministres des Affaires étrangères du G5 Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Tchad), a annoncé à une aide de 50 millions d’euros pour la création de cette force…                                  

EurActiv L’UE annonce une aide de 50 millions d’euros pour la sécurité au Sahel

 

Maroc A Al-Hoceima, les blessures du Rif marocain se sont réveillées  Le Monde

L’arrivée sur le trône de Mohammed VI, en 1999, va mettre un terme à la marginalisation de la région, mais les épisodes de tensions perdurent. « L’approche sécuritaire de ces derniers jours a mis à nouveau une grande distance entre l’État central et le Rif », estime le journaliste Amin Khattabi. Les autorités, entre déclarations et répression, ne savent comment répondre à un mouvement qui mêle revendications économiques et plaies du passé encore à vif.

Le Monde Au Maroc, arrestation de deux meneurs du mouvement de contestation dans le Rif,      Nawal Ben Aissa, figure montante de la contestation dans le Rif marocain

 

Mozambique Police warn that bald people could be targets of ritual killings  The Guardian

Police in Mozambique has warned that bald people could be the targets of ritual attacks, after the brutal killing of two men whose body parts were thought to have been used in witchcraft. The two bald men, one of whom was found with his head cut off and organs removed, were killed in a part of the country already notorious for the persecution of albinos. “Last month, the murders of two bald people led to the arrest of two suspects,” said the national police spokesman Inacio Dina.

 

 ASIE – OCÉANIE

 

Afghanistan Peace conference held amid violence and protests  The Guardian

The death toll from the bombing outside Kabul’s diplomatic quarter last week has climbed to 150 with more than 300 wounded, the Afghan president, Ashraf Ghani, has said at a peace conference in the city. The revised number makes the attack one of the deadliest in Afghanistan since 2001. A week of violence and protests cast a shadow over Tuesday’s long-planned meeting, named the Kabul Process. More than 20 countries took part, including some rivalling for covert influence in Afghanistan.

 

Bangladesh Les islamistes bangladais s’en prennent à la Justice  Le Monde

Le mouvement radical Hefazat-e-islam a obtenu le retrait d’une statue symbolisant la Justice devant la Cour suprême à Dacca, au motif qu’elle serait « non islamique ». Elle a été déplacée de 300 mètres.

 

CHINA

China Beijng to set up military bases in Pakistan, says Pentagon report  The Guardian

China is set to expand its military capabilities across the globe, with new overseas bases in countries like Pakistan as the world’s largest army seeks an increased role in defending China’s interest abroad, a report by the Pentagon has said. China’s spent $180bn on the People’s Liberation Army last year, according to the annual report from the US defence department, but officials admitted that figure could not account for all spending due to “poor accounting transparency”. That estimate is significantly higher than China’s official defense budget of about $140bn.

 

La Chine, ce géant mondial du jeu vidéo Statista

Boostée par la consommation chinoise, l’industrie du jeu vidéo a généré un chiffre d’affaires de 101 milliards de dollars en 2016 – un chiffre qui devrait même grimper jusqu’à 129 milliards de dollars d’ici 2020, selon une étude Atomico. Avec 600 millions de joueurs – soit deux fois la population des États-Unis – et 24,6 milliards de dollars générés, la Chine est devenu…

 

Malaysia Christian preacher going missing stokes fears of religious minority crackdown  The Guardian

The disappearance of three Christians and a man accused of spreading Shia Islam in Malaysia has prompted fears that authorities are targeting religious minorities with extrajudicial detention. Video and witness evidence indicate that highly organised groups carried out abductions in public. Months after the men disappeared, family members have learned nothing about their whereabouts and human rights activists say police have taken an uncharacteristically “casual” approach to the cases.

 

MOYEN-ORIENT

 

IRAN

Iran : attaques simultanées à Téhéran au Parlement et au mausolée de Khomeyni  Le Monde

Au moins deux personnes ont été tuées lors de deux attaques simultanées à Téhéran mercredi 7 juin. Une fusillade se serait produite dans l’enceinte du Parlement, au cœur de la capitale, tandis qu’un « attentat-suicide », selon les médias officiels, a eu lieu au mausolée de l’ayatollah Khomeyni, dans le sud de la ville. S’agissant de la fusillade au Parlement, le nombre de tireurs varie selon les sources ; certaines agences de presse font état d’un seul homme armé, d’autres parlent de trois hommes armés de fusils et d’un pistolet. Les agences ISNA et Fars ont fait savoir que

The Guardian Iran Shootings reported at parliament and Khomeini shrine,   Several dead in suicide attacks on Iranian parliament and shrine in Tehran

 

ISIL claims attack at Iranian parliament, Khomeini shrine Hürriyet Daily News

Seven people were killed, four of them were taken hostages in an attack at Iranian parliament and mausoleum of Iranian revolutionary founder Ruhollah Khomeini early on June 7, Tasnim News Agency has repported quoting on the ground

Haaretz ISIS Claims Twin Attacks on Iran Parliament, Khomeini Shrine; 7 Said Killed,    Iran dictates new Middle East reality, aims for land corridor from Tehran to Beirut

It’s the West’s turn now that Rohani has won in Iran      

The New York Times ISIS Claims Dual Attacks on Iran Shrine and Parliament

London Attackers Slipped By Despite an Avalanche of Warnings

 

IRAQ – SYRIA Civilian deaths from US-led strikes on Isis surge under Trump administration  The Guardian

Civilian casualties have increased sharply in the US-led military campaign against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, with nearly 60% of the officially acknowledged deaths from the three-year war being reported in the first three months of the Trump administration. US Central Command (Centcom) admitted to 484 civilian deaths up to the end of April as a result of coalition strikes as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, which began in August 2014. That compares with a cumulative total of 199 announced at the beginning of February…

 

ISRAEL

Israel’s Arab Citizens Have a Right to Protection  Haaretz Editorial

The death of Mohammed Taha of Kafr Qasem early Tuesday morning during clashes between police and local residents once again reveals the complex relationship between Arab society in Israel and the police and the lack of faith between them. The fact that a civilian security guard, not a police officer, fired the fatal shots does not improve the grim picture. The clashes during which Taha was shot broke out in the context of the shut-down of Kafr Qasem’s schools in protest over police inaction at stopping violence. The residents have established municipal guard committees, made up of the…

 

UN human rights chief calls for end to Israel’s occupation of Palestine  The Guardian

The UN’s top human rights official has marked the 50th anniversary of Israel’s occupation of the Palestinian territories by calling for its quick end, insisting that such an outcome would benefit both sides. Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, the Jordanian prince and UN high commissioner for human rights, echoed the strong language of the UN secretary general, António Guterres, who earlier this week condemned the occupation’s “heavy humanitarian and development burden on the Palestinian people”, which he said had “fuelled recurring cycles of violence and retribution”.

 

SYRIE : l’assaut contre Raqqa est lancé Le Figaro

Les Forces arabes et kurdes soutenues par les États-Unis ont engagé l’offensive contre Raqqa et ont commencé à attaquer par l’est la capitale de l’État islamique en Syrie, alors que la bataille contre Mossoul se poursuit en Irak. Alors que la bataille contre Mossoul en Irak entre dans sa phase finale, l’assaut contre le bastion de l’État Islamique en Syrie doit être le point d’orgue de l’offensive «Colère de l’Euphrate», lancée le 5 novembre 2016 par la coalition contre l’EI…
Le Figaro Syrie : les dates clés de la bataille de Raqqa      

Le Monde En Syrie, l’assaut est lancé sur Rakka, le fief de l’organisation État islamique

En dépit de la Turquie, les États-Unis ont livré des armes aux combattants kurdes en Syrie,   En Syrie, le régime d’Assad consolide ses territoires

The Guardian US-backed Syrian forces launch offensive to retake Raqqa from Isis    

Haaretz U.S. Launches Airstrike on Pro-government Forces in Syria

 

QATAR

Qatar FBI says Russian hackers ‘planted fake news story’ that led to crisis – report  The Guardian

US intelligence officials believe Russian hackers planted a false news story that prompted Saudi Arabia and several allies to sever relations with Qatar, according to CNN. FBI experts visited Qatar in late May to analyse an alleged cyber breach that saw the hackers place the fake story with Qatar’s state news agency, the US broadcaster said. Saudi Arabia then cited the false report as part of its reason for instituting a diplomatic and economic blockade of Qatar, the report said. The blockade was joined by several other Gulf states and has spiralled into the worst diplomatic crisis for the region in decades.

The Guardian US Officials scramble to limit damage over Trump’s Qatar tweets,   Qatar crisis: share stories of life as the blockade takes effect

It’s Qatar v Saudi Arabia. But the west can’t afford to pick a side    Hürriyet Daily News Turkey disapproves of sanctions on Qatar: President Erdoğan

Haaretz  Saudi Ban Pushes Qatar Flights to Africa Through Europe    The New York Times Trump Suggests He Led Saudis to Isolate Qatar

 

Les principaux partenaires commerciaux du Qatar Statista

La rupture des relations diplomatiques entre le Qatar et certains de ses voisins du Golfe ouvre une crise qui pourrait avoir d’importantes conséquences. Cette crise, qui s’accompagne d’une rupture des liaisons aériennes, maritimes et routières, risque en effet de coûter très cher à la région, notamment en ce qui concerne les échanges commerciaux et les investissements…

L’Express Le Qatar, un investisseur très présent en France,   Bayrou (re) demande la fin de l’exemption fiscale du Qatar en France

Le Figaro Donald Trump voit dans l’isolement du Qatar un succès de sa diplomatie,     Après la mise au ban du Qatar, Israël espère se rapprocher du monde arabe

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