Revue de presse du mardi 20 juin 2017

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 BOURSORAMA

 

Taux de change des Devises au comptant

Devises
EUR

USD

JPY

GBP

CHF

CAD
 EUR 1.1154 124.4400 0.8807 1.0863 1.4776
 USD 0.8965 111.5650 0.7896 0.9740 1.3249
 JPY 0.0080 0.0090 0.0071 0.0087 0.0119
 GBP 1.1354 1.2665 141.3000 1.2334 1.6779
 CHF 0.9205 1.0267 114.5500 0.8106 1.3603
 CAD 0.6768 0.7549 84.2167 0.5960 0.7352

Ex: 1 EUR = 1.1154 USD

Mat.1ères / Devises / Taux

  Libellé Dernier Var.
Pétrole BRENT (ICE Europe) 46.11 -1.50%
Pétrole WTI (ICE Europe) 43.65 -1.02%
EUR/USD 1.1154 0.03%
Euribor 1 an -0.156 0.00%
Or 1 245.40 0.28%

 

 

UNION EUROPÉENNE

 

ÉDITORIAL

Les défis du Parlement. Etienne Lefebvre, Rédacteur en chef « International, Politique et Économie générale » Les Échos le 19/06 (article en pièce jointe)

Marqué par l’influence délétère des frondeurs sous le quinquennat Hollande, Emmanuel Macron voulait une majorité solide pour réformer à son aise. Sans avoir à user de l’article 49-3 de la Constitution, dont l’usage lui avait été imposé par Manuel Valls sur sa loi pour la croissance. Cette majorité, il l’a désormais, au-delà de toutes les espérances. Cela facilitera indiscutablement sa tâche, mais cela accroît aussi les attentes. Beaucoup de Français, lassés des oppositions stériles, ont choisi de lui donner pleinement sa chance, suivant la logique de la Ve République, régime hybride mais plus présidentiel que Les défis du Parlement

 

ANALYSE

Zone euro : se réformer ou mourir, Kenneth Rogoff, Professor of Economics and Public Policy at Harvard University… Project Syndicate (article en pièce jointe)

En présence d’un nouveau président français centriste et réformiste, et compte tenu de la réélection de plus en plus probable de la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel, l’espoir est-il permis pour l’Europe et son projet de monnaie unique ? C’est possible. Une nouvelle décennie de croissance lente, ponctuée de périodes de convulsions liées à la dette, apparaît néanmoins plus probable. Si les acteurs œuvrent avec détermination pour une union fiscale et bancaire, la situation pourra considérablement s’améliorer. En revanche, si aucune politique de renforcement de la stabilité et de la durabilité n’est appliquée, le… Zone euro – se réformer ou mourir

 

Britain is leaving the EU, just as Europe is on the up. Natalie Nougayrède, The Guardian

That Helmut Kohl, the man who oversaw the reunification of Germany and was for so long a giant on the European stage, should die on the eve of negotiations leading to Britain’s withdrawal from the EU seems symbolic. The former German chancellor made the best of the extraordinary circumstances and public mood that followed the collapse of communism and the opening up of eastern Europe.Today’s European leaders are, by contrast, confronted with an especially adverse set of circumstances. Trump, Putin, Erdoğan, terrorism, unprecedented flows of migration, unemployment, the rise of populism…

 

Les leçons d’un triomphe, Bernard-Henri Lévy is one of the founders of the “Nouveaux Philosophes”… Project Syndicate  (article en pièce jointe)

Non, les électeurs ne sont pas « à vomir », comme l’a déclaré le pathétique Henri Guaino. Non, « l’abstention », dont on nous serine depuis trente ans qu’elle « avantage toujours le Front National », n’est pas soudainement devenue la cause de la déferlante En Marche. Et non, Emmanuel Macron, pas plus que le Général de Gaulle à 67 ans, ne commence une carrière de dictateur à 39 ans. Bref, à peu près rien de ce qui se dit ne rend compte du raz de marée électoral auquel nous assistons. Et la débauche de commentaires qui tournent en boucle, depuis dimanche, sur l’agora numérique et cathodique fonctionne… Les leçons d’un triomphe

 

Britain’s Norway Solution. Anatole Kaletsky is Chief Economist and Co-Chairman of Gavekal Dragonomics. Project Syndicate  (article en pièce jointe)

Shortly after UK Prime Minister Theresa May’s decision to call an unexpected “Brexit election,” I wrote that pro-Europeans in Britain might yet snatch victory from the jaws of defeat. But the timescale I had in mind was five years, not five weeks. How long May will survive as prime minister is impossible to predict. Her fate will depend on personal vendettas and Byzantine political rivalries, not only in London, but also in Edinburgh and Belfast. But in trying to anticipate the outcome of the Brexit negotiations, the questions that matter no longer have much to do with May’s political survival. Are Britain’s… Britain’s Norway Solution

 

CHRONIQUE

Macron : la fin d’un monde en 340 jours. Cécile Cornudet, Les Échos (article en pièce jointe)

Avec une majorité forte et au profil totalement nouveau, Emmanuel Macron parachève son projet de remplacement du «système» politique par un autre. Ce 12 juillet 2016, on se presse à la Mutualité, on vient voir l’insolent qui défie le chef de l’État à la veille de son 14-Juillet. « Nous commençons à écrire une nouvelle histoire », lance Emmanuel Macron, alors encore ministre, « notre système politique est usé, nous allons en changer… Nous sommes vous » ! On sourit à tant d’audace. A peine un an plus tard, l’insolent est devenu président et remporte les élections législatives . Il achève cette histoire… Macron – la fin d’un monde en 340 jours

 

Theresa May: safe for now, but credibility damaged beyond repair. Andrew Sparrow,  The Guardian

Theresa May will face parliament this week reasonably confident that speculation about an imminent leadership challenge remains unfounded, but knowing that her long-term credibility with her party has been damaged beyond repair. The concept of a “worst week ever” is something of a cliche for political leaders, but few have seen their stock plummet so quickly as May’s did in the period between Friday 9 June, when she realized her early election gamble had backfired, and the following Friday when crowds, angry at her supposedly unsympathetic response to the…

 

ÉCONOMIE

Amélioration générale de la conjoncture française Xerfi – Prévisis (dossier en pièce jointe)

Le véritable point positif des dernières enquêtes de conjoncture vient de l’élargissement de la base sectorielle de la reprise. Dans toutes les grandes branches d’activité, sans exception, les climats des affaires sont désormais nettement supérieurs à leurs moyennes de long terme, même dans le bâtiment où la reprise a été particulièrement lente à se dessiner. En vedette, l’industrie est passée à la vitesse supérieure. Reste néanmoins un gros point noir récurrent : si les volumes reviennent, les prix restent sous pression, ce qui ralentit la remontée des marges et contrarie en partie la reprise de l’investissement et des… 

 

Macron face aux dures réalités budgétaires
. Par Olivier Passet, Directeur des synthèses, Xerfi Économie (vidéo : 4..43 mn)

Avec un déficit budgétaire de 3,4% en 2016 et une croissance revigorée, on pourrait penser que l’équation budgétaire se présente plutôt sous de bons auspices pour le nouveau gouvernement. Si la reprise se confirme, et que le PIB se place sur une orbite de croissance de 2% l’an – ce qui parait le cas au premier semestre -, cette accélération de près de un point sur un an serait susceptible à elle seule d’induire une réduction conjoncturelle de ½ point de PIB du déficit pour 2017.

 

Décryptage du CPA, le Compte Personnel d’Activité. Par Laurent Amice – Directeur du développement Xerfi Économie (vidéo : 4.49 mn)

Xerfi Canal TV a reçu Laurent AMICE, Directeur du développement de la formation continue à l’Université de technologie de Troyes (UTT), pour parler de la mise en œuvre du compte personnel d’activité (CPA). Une interview menée par Thibault Lieurade.

 

POINT DE VUE

It’s not just the UK that will benefit from Brexit. The EU will too. John Redwood,  The Guardian

The commencement of Brexit negotiations this week is good news for the UK and the EU. It is in the interests of both parties to agree a great new relationship. After all those years of the UK dragging its heels, refusing to join in, seeking to delay progress to political union and declining to be part of the euro, we can at last sort out a strong and positive relationship that works for us both. Under Conservative, Labour and coalition governments the UK was never willing to accept all the moves to union or all the requirements of the EU. We kept our difficult relationship going with a series of opt-outs from the

 

STRATÉGIE

Les primes sont-elles efficaces sur la motivation et les résultats ? Par Jérôme Barthélemy – Professeur de stratégie et management à l’ESSEC. Xerfi – Percepta (vidéo 2.38 mn)

La plupart des entreprises utilisent des incitations financières pour motiver leurs managers et leurs employés. Ces incitations sont de plus en plus décriées. On leur reproche notamment de réduire la motivation « intrinsèque ». Rappelons qu’il existe deux théories de la motivation. D’après la théorie X, les individus ne sont pas motivés par leur travail. Il faut donc leur fixer des objectifs et leur verser des primes lorsqu’ils les atteignent. D’après la théorie Y, les individus sont « intrinsèquement » motivés par leur travail. Il vaut donc mieux leur…

 

 

European parliament EU seeks to outlaw ‘backdoors’ in new data privacy proposals  The Guardian

The European Union is considering banning the implementation of so-called “backdoors” that allow the reading of encrypted messaging, a move that would place it in conflict with the UK government’s desire to have access to all secure communications. The draft report by the European parliament’s committee on civil liberties, justice and home affairs says the data protection regulations have not kept pace with advances in technology and that amendments to the 2002 regulation on privacy and electronic communications (ePrivacy) are required.

 

BREXIT

Londres et Bruxelles entament formellement leur procédure de divorce Le Figaro

Près d’un an après le vote des Britanniques en faveur du Brexit, le négociateur européen Michel Barnier a lancé officiellement ce lundi à Bruxelles les négociations pour le retrait du Royaume-Uni de l’Union européenne, en présence du ministre britannique David Davis. Le but de ce premier rendez-vous: «identifier les priorités et le programme» des rencontres, a indiqué Michel Barnier. Le Figaro fait le point sur le processus complexe qui s’annonce…

Le Monde Londres et Bruxelles commencent prudemment à négocier le Brexit,    Brexit : hausse de 254 % du nombre de Britanniques demandant la nationalité française en 2016

Brexit : les entreprises britanniques devront faire face à la pénurie de main-d’œuvre     The Guardian Brexit poll Two-thirds of Europeans ‘believe EU should take hard line’

UK politics Hammond ‘UK should stick to EU customs rules for period after Brexit’,    Brexit UK caves in to EU demand to agree divorce bill before trade talks

Politics live Philip Hammond says UK should stick to EU customs rules for period after Brexit,     Poll Two-thirds of Europeans say EU should take hard line on Brexit

 

UK economy will slow amid Brexit talks and pay squeeze, warns CBI  The Guardian

Business group the CBI has warned the UK economy will shift down a gear as Brexit talks get under way and households are squeezed by rising prices. However, the cautious outlook was accompanied by an increase in the CBI’s growth forecasts for this year and next, due to a stronger than expected performance in 2016 when the economy defied expectations to grow strongly in the wake of the vote. The employers’ body is now forecasting the

 

EU – Turkey EU Commissioner Hahn to visit Turkey on July 6 Hürriyet Daily News

European Commissioner Johannes Hahn, who oversees EU membership bids, will pay a visit to Turkey on July 6 as part of a re-engagement decision made by parties during a meeting between EU officials and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on May 25. July is set to be a busy month with visits by several EU officials to Turkey, as European Commissioner for Transport Violeta Bulc is also expected to visit Turkey. The bloc wants to maintain engagement with Turkey even if it doesn’t meet Turkey’s demands for the opening of chapters “23-Judiciary and Fundamental Rights” and “24-Justice, Freedom, and

 

 

Aéronautique Énorme contrat en vue pour l’avion de chasse le plus cher du monde  Capital

le groupe de défense américain Lockheed Martin est en passe de conclure un accord sur la vente de 440 chasseurs F-35 à un groupe de 11 pays, dont les Etats-Unis, pour un montant de plus de 37 milliards de dollars (33 milliards d’euros), a appris Reuters dimanche auprès de deux sources au fait des négociations.

Capital Une version améliorée de l’A380 pour reprendre des couleurs

 

Renewable Energy

New alloy could pave the way for next generation solar cells PV Magazine

A team of researchers from the University of Michigan have created a new semiconductor alloy that could help to develop advanced next-generation solar cells called concentrated photovoltaics. Those collect and focus sunlight onto small, high-efficiency solar cells made of gallium arsenide or germanium semiconductors, which can achieve efficiency rates over 50%. Conventional flat-panel silicon solar cells top out in the mid-20´s. “Flat-panel silicon is basically maxed out in terms of efficiency,” said Rachel Goldman, professor of Materials Science and Engineering, and Physics at the

 

Czech Republic expands options for rooftop PV under Green Savings Programme PV Magazine

The Czech Ministry of the Environment (MŽP) and the State Environmental Fund (SFŽP) have announced that applications for new residential and commercial PV power projects under the incentive program for sustainable building, the so-called Green Savings Programme, will be accepted starting from September 4. The MŽP said that investment support for commercial PV systems that are able to produce more than 4,000 kWh per year has been increased to CZK 150,000 (around $6,500). Furthermore, the minister said that existing PV installations, for which an investment support has

 

Netherlands’ DSM develops new sand-resistant solar glass PV Magazine

The Dutch nutrition and material sciences company DSM announced it has developed a new sand-resistant coating for glass for solar panels at its R&D facility in the Netherlands. The company, which was already active in the production of anti-reflective coating for solar modules, claims its new sand-resistant coating material has a combination of anti-soiling and anti-reflective properties that makes it particularly indicated for solar panels installed in dry, desert-like regions. The new technology is currently being tested at a solar facility located near Dunhuang, in the Gobi desert in northwest China.

 

Social media Facebook and Twitter are being used to manipulate public opinion – report  The Guardian

Propaganda on social media is being used to manipulate public opinion around the world, a new set of studies from the University of Oxford has revealed. From Russia, where around 45% of highly active Twitter accounts are bots, to Taiwan, where a campaign against President Tsai Ing-wen involved thousands of heavily co-ordinated – but not fully automated – accounts sharing Chinese mainland propaganda, the studies show that social media is an international battleground for dirty politics.

 

Universe ‘We are not alone’ Nasa telescope finds 10 Earth-like planets  The Guardian

Astronomers have added 219 candidates to the growing list of planets beyond our solar system, 10 of which may be about the same size and temperature as Earth, boosting their chances of hosting life. Scientists found the candidates in a final batch of Nasa’s Kepler Space Telescope observations of 200,000 sample stars in the constellation Cygnus. They include 10 newly discovered rocky worlds that are the right distance from their parent stars for water, if it exists there, to pool on the surface. Scientists believe liquid water is a key ingredient for life.

 

 

Turkish side emphasizes guarantee system ahead of key Cyprus conference Hürriyet Daily News

Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu has stressed the importance of the guarantees system and emphasized that the Turkish side will not accept pre-conditions voiced by Greek Cyprus ahead of the crucial upcoming meeting in Crans-Montana in Switzerland on June 28. Çavuşoğlu met his Turkish Cypriot counterpart Tahsin Ertuğruloğlu on June 19 for discussions ahead of the conference, which will host Turkish Cypriot President Mustafa Akıncı and Greek Cypriot leader Nicos Anastasiades, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, along with Turkey, Greece and the U.K. as guarantor powers and

 

Great Britain

Finsbury Park attack ‘Aggressive’ suspect had vowed to ‘do some damage’  The Guardian

A man from Cardiff is believed to be responsible for a terrorist attack that left one person dead and 11 injured when a van he was driving ploughed into a group of worshippers near a mosque in north London. Darren Osborne, 47, is alleged to have shouted “I want to kill all Muslims – I did my bit” after the hired van hit a crowd that had gathered to help a elderly man who had collapsed near a mosque.

The Guardian ‘Hero of the day’ Imam praised for shielding suspect from crowd,    Darren Osborne Suspect a fighter who ‘flipped’ after too much drink

 

Grenfell Tower fire Government will cover costs of fire safety work, councils told  The Guardian

Sajid Javid, the communities secretary, has told senior figures in local government that councils will be fully reimbursed for any building work carried out on tower blocks that could face a similar fire risk to that of Grenfell Tower. A letter sent by the Local Government Association chairman, Gary Porter, to council leaders in England and Wales and seen by the Guardian, claimed the minister made the

The Guardian ‘As flexible as possible’ Jobseekers’ allowance rules suspended for tenants,      ‘We need closure’ Iranian family of victims appeal for visitor’s visas

Grenfell Tower fire Victims who lived in unauthorised sublets may never be identified – lawyer

Le Monde Le nombre de victimes de l’incendie de la tour Grenfell à Londres grimpe à 79 morts ou présumés morts

 

Barclays Bank and senior staff charged with fraud over credit crunch fundraising  The Guardian

The Serious Fraud Office has charged Barclays, its former chief executive and three other former top executives with fraud over the way it raised billions of pounds from Qatar during the financial crisis. This is the first time any senior bankers have faced charges for events dating to the 2008 crisis. The SFO charged former Barclays chief executive John Varley and three former colleagues – Roger Jenkins, Thomas Kalaris and Richard Boath – with a series of offences after a five-year investigation into the events surrounding the £11.8bn emergency fundraising conducted

 

 

Turkey

Fitch revises up Turkey’s GDP forecast to 4.7 percent based on strong first quarter growth  Hürriyet Daily News

Fitch has upgraded Turkey’s growth forecast, pointing to strong first-quarter results that showed 5 percent growth from the same quarter a year ago. The agency now estimates the Turkish economy will expand 4.7 percent in 2017 and 4.1 percent each for next year and 2019. In its latest Global Economic Outlook (GEO), which was released on June 19, Fitch said the latest data

 

President Erdoğan calls on marching CHP leader to ‘respect the law’ Hürriyet Daily News

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has called on the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) to “respect judicial rulings,” as CHP leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu’s “justice march” from the capital Ankara to Istanbul enters its 6th day.

 

Russia’s Rosatom sells 49 percent stake in Akkuyu nuclear project to Turkish companies Hürriyet Daily News

Russia’s state-owned nuclear energy conglomerate Rosatom agreed to sell a 49 percent stake in a giant nuclear project in southern Turkey to Turkish investors in a preliminary agreement on June 19 on the sidelines of a nuclear conference in Moscow. The stake in the Akkuyu project was sold for an undisclosed sum to the three Turkish companies Cengiz, Kolin and Kalyon, dubbed CKK as a consortium, which are quite active in construction and energy sectors. Each of these companies will have an equal stake. 

 

Turkey First journalists go on trial over alleged coup support  The Guardian

The first trial of journalists accused of taking part in or supporting last year’s coup attempt in Turkey opened on Monday in a crucial test for freedom of expression in the country. Ahmet and Mehmet Altan have been held without trial since September, and face possible life sentences, along with fellow journalist Nazlı Ilıcak, for allegedly attempting to overthrow the government and acting on behalf of a terror organisation. The accusations against them mirror those against dozens of journalists who oppose the government and

 

Ukrainian president to ‘drop in’ on Donald Trump during Washington visit  The Guardian

Donald Trump is expected to meet the Ukrainian president, Petro Poroshenko, at the White House on Tuesday but the encounter is likely to be a brief and leave questions unanswered over the administration’s commitment to Ukraine. By the time Poroshenko had left Kiev on Monday, the meeting with Trump had still not been confirmed, but was still being negotiated with an apparently reluctant US president.

 

 

FRANCE

 

Blessé à Mossoul, le journaliste français Stephan Villeneuve est décédé Le Figaro

Le journaliste effectuait un reportage destiné au magazine «Envoyé Spécial», sur France 2. La veille, il avait été grièvement blessé par l’explosion d’un engin artisanal qui a coûté la vie à un autre journaliste, le Kurde Bakhtyar Haddad. Deux autres reporters, dont Samuel Forey, qui effectuait un reportage pour Le Figaro, ont aussi été blessés.

Le Monde Le journaliste français Stephan Villeneuve et son confrère kurde Bakhtiyar Haddad tués à Mossoul

 

Les députés sont élus : qui s’assied où dans l’Hémicycle ? Le Figaro

Un député peut-il demander à changer de place s’il ne s’entend pas avec son voisin ? Qui décide de l’emplacement des députés ? Existe-t-il des sièges adaptés en fonction du gabarit des élus ?

Le Figaro Naïma Moutchou, députée : «C’est le moment de faire quelque chose pour la France»,    Législatives : Quel avenir pour la droite ?

Le Monde Age, sexe, parti et mandats locaux : quel est le profil des députés réélus ?    Défaits ou victorieux après les législatives, les politiques en verve sur Twitter

 

Financement électoral : 100 millions d’euros pour En Marche !  Capital

Les résultats aux législatives sont aussi synonymes de financements publics pour les partis politiques. L’étonnante redistribution de la nouvelle Assemblée permet donc d’ores et déjà de chiffrer le jackpot que va engranger la formation de La République en marche, les gains dont vont bénéficier certains partis jusqu’ici non représentés (MoDem, France insoumise) ou encore les pertes sèches que vont essuyer le PS et les Républicains.                                   Le Figaro Subventions aux partis : le jackpot de LREM, LR et le PS au régime sec

 

Édouard Philippe chargé de former un nouveau gouvernement Le Figaro

La décision de l’exécutif était attendue. Au lendemain de la large victoire de La République en marche aux élections législatives, le premier ministre Edouard Philippe a été reconduit ce lundi dans ses fonctions par le président Emmanuel Macron et devra former un nouveau gouvernement d’ici à mercredi soir, a annoncé la présidence dans un communiqué.

Le Monde Sylvie Goulard, ministre des armées, demande à ne pas faire partie du prochain gouvernement Live,    Richard Ferrand ne veut pas se cacher derrière son immunité parlementaire

Assistants d’eurodéputés : le ministre de la justice, François Bayrou, dans la tourmente,    Richard Ferrand va quitter le gouvernement pour présider le groupe LRM à l’Assemblée

Capital Ses 15 grandes réformes classées par faisabilité     The Guardian Emmanuel Macron plans cabinet reshuffle after parliamentary win

 

L’équilibre financier des retraites repoussé de 20 ans Le Figaro

D’après les experts du COR, un retour à l’équilibre n’est donc pas envisageable avant le début des années 2040, et encore, si la croissance des revenus d’activité est de 1,8 % (on était à 1,1 % en 2016) et le taux de chômage de 7 % (on est à 9,6 %). Il n’interviendra qu’en 2050 si la croissance ne dépasse pas 1,5 % l’an. En dessous, le système resterait «durablement en besoin de financement», prévient le COR…

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

AMÉRIQUES

 

Hitler bust among Argentina‘s biggest haul of Nazi artefacts found in secret room  The Guardian

In a hidden room in a house near Argentina’s capital, police believe they have found the biggest collection of Nazi artefacts in the country’s history, including a bust relief of Adolf Hitler, magnifying glasses inside elegant boxes with swastikas and even a macabre medical device used to measure head size.

 

Ecuador Trump-style border wall with Peru causes fierce dispute  The Guardian

It is just over a mile long and only a few feet tall, but a wall which Ecuador is building along its frontier with Peru has prompted a fierce diplomatic row between the two South American countries. Peru’s top diplomat for the Americas, Hugo de Zela, has demanded an urgent bilateral meeting over the structure, warning that it could create a flood risk for the Peruvian border town of Aguas Verdes.

 

États-Unis

Donald Trump met en avant Jared Kushner  Le Monde

Omniprésent à la Maison Blanche mais d’une extrême discrétion en public, Jared Kushner, le mari d’Ivanka Trump, 36 ans, gendre et conseiller de Donald Trump, a finalement donné de la voix lundi 19 juin. Chargé de très nombreux dossiers par son beau-père, au premier rang desquels la recherche d’une issue au conflit israélo-palestinien, il a prononcé une brève allocution sur la nécessité de moderniser le fonctionnement du gouvernement fédéral en présence de grandes figures du secteur technologique – Jeff Bezos (Amazon), Tim Cook (Apple), ou encore Eric Schmidt (Alphabet).

 

Healthcare backlash hits Republicans hard on generic ballot, polls find  The Guardian

Support for Republican candidates has significantly declined across much of the country, according to a new series of polls released by the nonpartisan polling firm RABA Research in conjunction with Brown University. In surveys of five distinct demographic areas that give a cross-section of the American electorate, there has been a significant swing toward Democrats and away from Republicans on the 2018 generic ballot.

 

Mexico accused of spying on journalists and activists using cellphone malware  The Guardian

The Mexican government has deployed sophisticated software to spy on journalists, activists and anti-graft groups as they worked to highlight some of the country’s most notorious cases of crime, corruption and abuse of authority. Targets received SMS messages with links which appeared legitimate but led to false sites and the installation of malware on their mobile phones, according to an investigation by the press freedom organisation Article 19 and Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto.

 

AFRIQUE

 

Elephant conservation Ten more elephants poisoned by poachers in Zimbabwe  The Guardian

Ten elephants, including a mother and her young calf, have been found poisoned in and around Zimbabwe’s premier game reserve, Hwange national park. Six of the animals died in the south of the park last week; some had their tusks hacked off. The others were found outside the northern sector of the park in state forestry land. Park rangers responded quickly. A bucket of poison was found near the gruesome scene in the north and three arrests were made over the weekend. One of those arrested was found in possession of ivory.

The Guardian Radical Conservation Mozambique: 6,000 animals to rewild park is part-funded by trophy hunting

 

Rustlers, bandits and gun runners: the gangs vying for cattle in Kenya  The Guardian

Theft of livestock turns more deadly as herders and raiders become desperate in drought-hit areas and a ragtag militia tries to restore order. On a hot morning in May, Wilson Kemei stands with an old Soviet rifle in his hands, ready to protect the hundreds of people taking refuge in a tiny, makeshift camp in Baringo county. They have fled there after gunmen shot and killed their neighbours in January.

The Guardian On the run from the armed cattle rustlers of rural Kenya – in pictures

 

MOYEN-ORIENT

 

Iran and Saudi Arabia offer clashing accounts of offshore confrontation  The Guardian

The Saudi navy said it had captured three members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards from a boat seized last week as the vessel approached Saudi Arabia’s offshore Marjan oilfield, Riyadh has said. Iran’s interior ministry denied the Saudi claim, however, saying that the Saudi navy had opened fire on two Iranian fishing boats. Relations between the two countries are at their worst in years, as they support opposite sides in conflicts in Syria, Yemen and Iraq, and each accuses the other of destabilising regional security.

 

IRAQ L’EI affiche une « résistance farouche » à Mossoul L’Orient le Jour

Offensive Les troupes irakiennes sont entrées hier dans la vieille ville de Mossoul, appelant les civils à rester à l’abri et les jihadistes à se rendre, au second jour d’une bataille difficile pour…

 

A Gaza, « une catastrophe humanitaire imminente »  Le Monde

Le gouvernement israélien a décidé de réduire l’approvisionnement en électricité de la bande de Gaza, d’après les médias israéliens. Un reportage de la photographe Virginie Nguyen. La réduction de l’approvisionnement en électricité suscite l’inquiétude sur un possible affrontement entre Israël et le mouvement islamiste Hamas. L’ONG Amnesty International alerte sur « l’impact désastreux dans la bande de Gaza et la mise en danger de la vie de milliers de personnes, particulièrement les malades et d’autres personnes nécessitant de soins intensifs ».

 

ISRAEL Not Forgetful, but Afraid  Haaretz Editorial

In September 2016, with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, Interior Minister Arye Dery, Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz and Housing Minister Yoav Galant all in attendance, the security cabinet approved a Palestinian master plan to expand the West Bank city of Qalqilyah, along with numerous other permits for Palestinian construction in Area C, the part of the West Bank under full Israeli control. All the permits were grants as part of Lieberman’s carrot and stick policy, but they were never publicized, to avoid political pressure from the settlers. When the settlers learned about the decision, they predictably launched their standard campaign of pressure and threats.

 

Le Qatar et ses adversaires campent sur leurs positions L’Orient le Jour

Crise du Golfe Le Qatar a lié toute négociation sur la crise du Golfe à une levée du « blocus » que lui imposent l’Arabie saoudite et ses alliés, lesquels restent intransigeants en menaçant de poursuivre pendant…

Hürriyet Daily News No new Turkish troop deployment to Qatar yet: Sources,    Turkey to send 11 tons of aid to Qatar

 

SYRIA Australia Air operations over Syria suspended after Russian threat  The Guardian

Australia has suspended air combat missions over Syria after Russia threatened that it would treat any plane from the US-led coalition flying west of the Euphrates river as a potential target. Russia said it was responding to US planes shooting down a Syrian air force jet on Sunday. The US said its planes had acted to defend US-backed forces seeking to capture Raqqa, the Islamic State (Isis) stronghold in north-east Syria.                                The Guardian Russia warns US its fighter jets are now potential target

L’Orient le Jour Téhéran derrière l’escalade américano-russe dans le ciel syrien

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